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Milena Talikowska



MPhil, BEng (Hons), BSc

PhD Thesis

The relationship between the quality of cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) performed by paramedics and survival outcomes from out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA).


Milena’s doctoral research seeks to quantify the relationship between CPR quality and survival outcomes in OHCA patients attended by St John Ambulance (SJA) paramedics in Perth, Western Australia.

Data on CPR quality including compression rate, depth, and fraction, will be collected using the Philips HeartStart MRx Monitor/Defibrillator which features the Q-CPR™ measurement/feedback tool.

Patient outcome data will be obtained from the SJA-WA OHCA database which contains information from SJA-WA Patient Care Records for OHCAs attended by SJA-WA paramedics and is linked to the WA death registry and supplemented by hospital medical record review.

Statistical analysis will be performed using STATA to determine whether a relationship exists between CPR quality and survival outcomes in the study population.

Why my research is important

Cardiac arrest (CA) is a significant global health issue, yet survival rates remain low (often less than 10%). CA is managed, in the first instance, using cardiopulmonary resuscitation and defibrillation. Over the past decade there has been an increased emphasis upon CPR quality. This study aims to quantify the relationship between CPR quality and patient outcomes, and in doing so may identify new ways by which to increase survival rates.

Milena is an Aus-ROC PhD scholar ( who has also been awarded an Australian Postgraduate Award (APA) and a Curtin University Postgraduate Scholarship (CUPS) to fund her research.